In this book chapter in the volume Atmospheres of Breathing, Prof Carel considers breathlessness from a phenomenological perspective, reframing it as an existential, social, personal, cultural and psychological phenomenon, rather than a medical symptom. (Read more about the book on our blog).
Havi Carel. 2018. Invisible Suffering: The Experience of Breathlessness. In Atmospheres of breathing: the respiratory questions of philosophy, Lenart Škof and Petri Berndtson (eds.), SUNY Press, pp.364-382.